11 tricks to learn any language

This article is a wake-up call for all those who dream of becoming multilingual: just do it! Luca Lampariello talks about where he finds the motivation for learning languages, and how he’s learned 11 so far.
When people meet someone who speaks many languages fluently, the first reaction is often one of slight confused. Multilingualism is generally considered cool but difficult to achieve, especially if second, third and fourth languages are acquired later in life. As an advocate of language learning, I of course agree that it’s cool, but I challenge the assumption that it’s difficult.

My name is Luca Lampariello. Here I would like to deviate from the well-trodden route to how I learned 11 languages and concentrate on why I learned these languages. Seasoned language learners will all tell you that motivation is fundamental, so where can one find this motivation and how can it be bolstered?

Language learning is about much more than heaps of books and hours of study. It’s about travelling to marvellous places, meeting inspiring people, enjoying delicious food and embarking on innumerable journeys of self-discovery. I derive my motivation to learn more languages from these experiences; the experiences that these languages make possible.
Lesson learned: Languages cannot be taught, they can only be learned. Having someone or something to aid with the process is of great benefit. Find a guide, not an instructor.


English was already a world language by the time I turned 10 in 1991. Its study was mandatory. I struggled at first. I didn’t like the teacher, grammar explanations confused me, and the material was monotone. I thought I’d never learn it. Then my parents decided to hire a private English tutor. I was 13 and she was wonderful. She didn’t simply instruct me in the language, but helped me discover it – she set me on the right path to learning and, most importantly, learning to love language.

I started reading a lot of books in English. My aunt bought me The Hardy Boys for my birthday and after that there was no looking back. The combination of reading books, watching movies every day and talking to my tutor once a week for two years worked wonders. By the age of 15 I was fluent in English and in possession of a thick American accent.
Lesson learned: A language is a door to an entire world which is wholly worth exploring. So let your guard down and fall in love! With the language, with the country, with a person, or even with the food. There’s no greater motivation!


I started learning French around the same time as I started learning English and encountered many of the same problems. That all changed at the age of fourteen, however, when I discovered that I could watch French TV. I started watching two hours every day after dinner. By the age of 15 I was fluent in French. A few hours of television a day did more than the previous three years in middle school. In 2010 I moved to Paris. Living there for three years enabled me to gain invaluable insights into French culture: history, traditions, jokes, cultural references, and a respect for French pride in their cuisine and language.
Lesson learned: If you find a method you like and which works for you, you can start learning any language by yourself. There is no one best method to learn a language. Find something that is effective for you. And above all, experiment!


German was the first language I started learning completely on my own. I don’t remember exactly why I embarked on this journey, but I remember I had no idea how to learn German. I spent a couple of months using a dusty grammar book dislodged from my grandmother’s bookcase. Gothic letters cascaded down the page imploring me to repeat vacuous grammar drills. I quickly became disheartened.
Lesson learned: Language learning offers you profound insights into your own, native language. If you learn a language similar to yours, speak it from the beginning. It’s easier than you perhaps imagine.


Spanish and Italian are like two sisters; different and yet similar at the same time. One common myth in Italy is that Spanish is easy: that you just have to speak Italian and add an “s” to every single word. The overall structure of the two languages is similar, but there are a fair few disparities in terms of pronunciation, intonation and idiomatic usage. In 2007 I did an exchange in Barcelona. Although I was immersed in a predominantly Catalan environment, I was living with a lively Spanish girl from Malaga and often went out with a lot of other Spanish people. The language simply rubbed off. By the time I came back to Rome, Spanish had become a part of me.
Then I saw a commercial on TV about a language series in 4 languages and decided to give it a go. While using it, I came up with my method: a special technique to absorb the basic patterns of any language in a light, natural and fun way. This method came to me organically, and I quickly realised that it was effective for me. After using it for a year and a half, I met a bunch of Germans while on vacation. I will always remember their faces as they repeatedly asked in bewilderment, “Wie kannst du so gut Deutsch?!” (how can you speak German so well?). This reaction and the resulting, privileged connection were enough to fuel my passion to perfect my German. From that moment on I started reading insatiably. The language had become an integral part of my life.
Lesson learned: There is no such thing as a useless language. They will all come in handy sooner or later, so don’t let others determine what you learn. Allow yourself to be guided by your own interests and convictions.pppppppp

I met Lotte, a Dutch girl, whilst camping in Northern Sardinia. She didn’t speak much English and we both became frustrated at our inability to communicate. We still had a great time together, but something was missing: a sense of incompleteness kept nagging at me, so I decided to learn Dutch. Lotte and I lost touch, but the language stayed with me. People insisted that Dutch was a completely useless language – they all speak English – but I stuck to it. I read books and magazines that my friends would bring back from the Netherlands. I knew I would use the language sooner or later, and have been proved right. Now I speak Dutch every day with my Dutch housemate. Speaking and expanding Dutch has become easy, effortless and interesting. The old adage that one must move to a country to learn the language is simply not true.
Lesson learned: Start working on pronunciation from the very beginning to avoid developing bad habits. Be flexible. If a language has an idiosyncratic feature, work on it more from the start.oooooooo

I had been thinking about learning a Scandinavian language for quite some time when my Italian girlfriend at the time bought me a Swedish course for my birthday. Swedish sounds incredibly musical to my ears due to its peculiar intonation, but I found it quite difficult to grasp at the beginning. In 2004 I went to Stockholm for the first time and was immediately enamored by Swedish culture. I kept speaking Swedish, mostly with Norwegians, and watched movies and read books – mainly thrillers, as the Scandinavians are excellent at that. And the best thing of all? If you know Swedish, most Scandinavians will understand you, and you suddenly have access to a fascinating culture and way of thinking.
Lesson learned: If you are about to give up on a language, actively search for something that reignites your desire to learn. Go to the country, meet someone, watch a movie, make a YouTube video. Anything goes.ppppppppppp

After a few Romance and Germanic languages, I wanted to learn something new. Russian seemed exotic to me: incredibly rich, elegant and intriguingly complex. Thinking in Russian was tantamount to solving a mathematical conundrum for every sentence. My mind boggled as to how native Russians deal with it every day. I had nobody to help me and after 8 months I began to think that it had perhaps been a mistake to learn Russian. I had barely made any progress. I didn’t do much for 3 long years, and then I posted a video on YouTube speaking Russian. The response astonished me. Not in my wildest dreams did I imagine so many people would leave such enthusiastic comments. Russians think that their language is difficult and inaccessible, so when they hear somebody uttering a couple of sentences they explode with joy. I subsequently started speaking Russian on a regular basis and slowly began to navigate my way confidently through Russian’s grammar maze.
Lesson learned: You can learn two languages at the same time provided that you organize your time and energy well.

I started learning European Portuguese at the exact same time as Mandarin. I had never learned two languages at the same time, and so I gave myself very precise guidelines. Portuguese, like Spanish, came very naturally to me. I focused on pronunciation, which can be tricky. Unstressed vowels are barely pronounced and sentences often seem like an uninterrupted sequence of consonants. Portuguese can even sound like Russian to untrained ears as a consequence. I often get asked why I opted for European Portuguese and not Brazilian Portuguese, which is much more widely spoken. The truth is that I often don’t choose a language. I let languages choose me.
Lesson learned: Travel is a truly great motivator. Travel as much as you can, whenever you can. It will open doors and push you to learn languages.

I visited Poland in 2012 for the second time in my life and simply fell in love with the country and its people. Other than using my bilingual translation technique, I also started speaking it from the very beginning by setting up a weekly language exchange with Michal, a Polish guy I had met in the summer of 2012. I highly recommend this approach if you are learning a slavic language and you already speak another one. Although Russian and Polish are quite different in many ways, the overall structure is the same, and knowing one helps enormously with learning the other. After a year I was relatively fluent in Polish and I made a video on YouTube with Michal on a visit to Poland. The video didn’t go unnoticed. A journalist interviewed me for a magazine and I ended up on Polish TV one year later.
Lesson learned: Don’t be intimidated by a language’s reputation.

I had heard that Chinese is notoriously difficult, and that’s why I had never contemplated learning it. Pushed by the unexpected success of my first YouTube videos, I wanted a new challenge. I started learning Mandarin Chinese in my own way, but I faced completely new challenges.

If somebody tells you that Chinese is impossible to learn by yourself, as I once heard someone say, I can assure you that it is absolutely not true. It has its own complex aspects, but also some refreshingly easy ones as well. If you know how to tackle tones and Chinese characters the right way, Chinese is, in the long run, not harder than any other language, and the reward of speaking it is immense. You come into contact with an incredible culture, and the Chinese are often pleasantly surprised if you speak their language well.
Lesson Iearned: Some languages have completely new features, so be flexible and adapt your learning method to the language. If your approach is not working, change it! Don’t give up. Don’t give in.

When I started learning Japanese, I wanted a new challenge, but I didn’t imagine it would be so hard. I couldn’t even build simple sentences because the structure in Japanese was so completely different from any language I had ever learned. I initially thought that this problem was just temporary and could be solved by speaking more regularly, but this simply wasn’t the case. Japanese feels like my biggest challenge yet, but I’m confident that I will get there. I just need to recalibrate my approach and live the language.

Discovering a method to learn foreign languages is, without a doubt, one of the best things that has ever happened to me. Learning languages is an exhilarating experience. I didn’t do it by simply spending time at home staring blankly at verb tables. I did it by getting out there and living.

Speaking multiple languages is not and shouldn’t be an intellectual performance. It is an act of love towards yourself and others which helps you discover the amazing diversity of human nature as well as discovering the multiple facets of your personality. To those who ask me why I like learning so many languages I always reply: “I don’t live to learn languages, I learn languages to live a better life”.

Performers from Bracknell North in the spotlight on stage at Shaftesbury Theatre


Budding actors from a Bracknell theatre school performed on stage in London’s famous West End.

The students from Stagecoach Bracknell North performed a set called “Charlie Brown and Company” on the stage of the iconic Shaftesbury Theatre in Shaftesbury Avenue, Piccadilly.gggggggggggg

Charlie Cordwell, Stagecoach Performing Arts Bracknell principal, said: “The show was very creative and the students performed confidently and expertisely.

“It takes courage to stand up on stage in front of a large audience and I was incredibly proud to see them execute their well-versed songs and routines so well.”

Their set was part of the West End Live show, which saw performances from other Stagecoach schools, Bracknell’s set included the songs “Snip Snip” and “Temper Temper” from Mary Poppins.

The students were joined by 15 other Stagecoach schools, whose alumni include Bracknell born Strictly Come Dancing star and Tracy Beaker actress, Dani Harmer and Harry Potter actress Emma Watson.

A great teacher can change a student’s life


It is not an exaggeration to say that a great teacher can change a student’s life. There are a lot of stories to prove the benefits of a strong relationship between an educator and pupil.

As some of the most influential role models for developing students, teachers are responsible for more than just academic enrichment. If you want to be a great educator, you must connect with your pupils and reach them on multiple levels, because the best teachers are committed to their students’ well-being both inside and outside the classroom. By forging strong relationships, educators are able to affect virtually every aspect of their students’ lives, teaching them the important life lessons that will help them succeed beyond term papers and standardized tests.

It is not always easy to change a student’s life, which is why it takes a great teacher to do so. Some just need an extra push like the student whose math grade is just a few points shy from the A that will give them a 4.0 GPA; others may be going through something troubling in their personal lives and need someone to talk to. Whatever the student needs to help them excel, a life-changing teacher will be there for them.

While you will spend your entire career learning the different ways you can change your students’ lives, here are three aspects that are directly affected by great teachers:


1. Education


A great teacher makes learning fun, as stimulating, engaging lessons are pivotal to a student’s academic success. Some students who are more prone to misbehavior, truancy or disengagement are more dependent on an engaging teacher. Making your classroom an exciting environment for learning will hold the students’ fascination, and students learn best when they are both challenged and interested. It’s part of motivating students, which may not be easy, but which will benefit students immeasurably in the long run.


2. Inspirationkkkkkkkkkkk


Have you ever had a teacher who inspired you to work harder or pursue a particular goal? Were you inspired to become an educator by one of your own great teachers?

Inspiring students is integral to ensuring their success and encouraging them to fulfil their potential. Students who are inspired by their teachers can accomplish amazing things, and that motivation almost always stays with them. Inspiration can also take many forms, from helping a pupil through the academic year and their short-term goals, to guiding them towards their future career. Years after graduation, many working professionals will still cite a particular teacher as the one who fostered their love of what they currently do and attribute their accomplishments to that educator.


3. Guidance


Teachers can also be a trusted source of advice for students weighing important life decisions. Educators can help their pupils pursue higher education, explore career opportunities and compete in events they might otherwise have not thought themselves able to. Students often look to their teachers as mentors with experience and knowledge, and, as an educator, you will almost definitely be asked for advice at some point during your career.

Did you know that one in four students drops out of school or that every nine seconds, another student drops out? Dropping out is a decision that students won’t likely come to you about, but an adept teacher can notice the indications that a student is struggling and intervene before it’s too late. Aside from educating them on the hard facts about dropping out, teachers can also help assess the problem and figure out an alternative. In such situations, teachers undoubtedly have the ability to change the lives of students.

Different people have different learning styles



All Students Are Created Equally (and Differently.)

The words “learning styles” speaks to the understanding that every student has different learning styles. Technically, an individual’s learning style refers to the preferential way in which the student absorbs, processes, comprehends and retains information. For example, when learning how to build a clock, some students understand the process by following verbal instructions, while others have to physically manipulate the clock themselves. This notion of individualized learning styles has gained widespread recognition in education theory and classroom management strategy. Individual learning styles depend on cognitive, emotional and environmental factors, as well as one’s prior experience. In other words: everyone’s different. It is important for educators to understand the differences in their students’ learning styles, so that they can implement best practice strategies into their daily activities, curriculum and assessments.


Understanding VARK


One of the most accepted understandings of learning styles is that student learning styles fall into three “categories:” Visual Learners, Auditory Learners and Kinesthetic Learners. These learning styles are found within educational theorist Neil Fleming’s VARK model of Student Learning. VARK is an acronym that refers to the four types of learning styles: Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing Preference, and Kinesthetic. (The VARK model is also referred to as the VAK model, eliminating Reading/Writing as a category of preferential learning.) The VARK model acknowledges that students have different approaches to how they process information, referred to as “preferred learning modes.” The main ideas of VARK are outlined in Learning Styles Again: VARKing up the right tree! (Fleming & Baume, 2006)

Students’ preferred learning modes have significant influence on their behavior and learning.

Students’ preferred learning modes should be matched with appropriate learning strategies.

Information that is accessed through students’ use of their modality preferences shows an increase in their levels of comprehension, motivation and metacognition.

Identifying your students as visual, auditory, reading/writing or kinesthetic learners, and aligning your overall curriculum with these learning styles, will prove to be beneficial for your entire classroom. Allowing students to access information in terms they are comfortable with will increase their academic confidence.


Practical Tips: How to use the Internet to Study

Have you ever tried to read the same sentence in a textbook over and over without getting anything from it? Now that you’re in college, the information you get from reading textbooks is often necessary for your success on tests. That’s why knowing how to approach reading for college is important. The following steps will help you improve your reading skills and make the most of your college education.
1. Preview the text to get an overall idea of what it’s about. And then read the chapter titles and section headings. Look over the photographs or illustrations and any side notes or special features in the margins. Scan the text for any bolded terms. If there are questions at the end of the chapter, preview those, too.
2. Focus your reading by deciding on a purpose. Of course you are reading because you are required to for the class, but choosing another purpose will help you stay on track as you read. For example, if the assigned reading is a chapter from your history textbook about the Cold War, one purpose for reading might be to discover the major players in the war, or the major causes of the war. Use the 5 “Ws” in setting your purpose: Who, what, when, where and why.read
3.Keep track of what you read by taking notes. There are a variety of ways to take notes. Some people like to write down important ideas in a notebook. Others prefer to create an outline. If you learn best by seeing the text in graphic form, try creating a chart or diagram or even sketching pictures of what you read.
4.Mark the text in your book. If you own the book and are comfortable with writing in it, use a highlighter to capture key ideas. Write notes in the margins, including definitions for difficult words or points your instructor makes during lectures. If you don’t own the book or prefer not to write in it, use sticky notes instead; stick them right in your book.
5. Be certain you’ve understood what you’ve read by stopping after each chunk of text and summarize the main ideas. If you’re working in a study group, stop after each paragraph and have each person write a summary of the paragraph. Then compare summaries so no one misses any key points.
6. Paraphrase bits of text, especially those that are difficult to understand. When you paraphrase something, you essentially translate it into your own words.
7. Stop and look up a word only if knowing the word is essential to understanding the text. If the sentence still makes sense even if you do not know the word, skip it and keep on reading. If you’re curious about the word, look it up later, but don’t let it interfere with your reading. A good way to remember new words is to create flashcards and quiz yourself.
8. Ask questions about things you don’t understand. One way to do this is to jot questions down on
sticky notes and stick them in the margin of the text. Then look for the answers to the questions as you continue reading. If you can’t find the answers, ask a classmate or your instructor.
9.Read critically, or question the text. Look for the main points the author of the text is trying to make. Ask yourself if the main ideas of the text are supported with evidence and if the evidence is logical and reliable. Look for any holes in the ideas presented, and don’t be afraid to challenge ideas you don’t agree with.
10.Reread the text. You don’t have to reread the whole text, especially if it’s very long, but you will benefit from rereading sections that are either very complicated or that you had a lot of questions about.

Top 10 Social Media Books for Your Enjoyment


Social media continues to play an increasingly important role in the marketing of a small business today. No longer is it deemed enough to only have a website for your business. You now MUST engage with your clients, provide interesting and valuable content, and build a brand that clients are happy to recommend to others.

As a result of the way a business now needs to market itself, the frequent changes to the existing social media platforms, and the arrival of new ones, there are an increasing number of social media books being published each year.
The Small Business Trends editorial team has sifted through volumes of social media books and picked out a list of 10 that we believe will help you stay on top of your social media marketing game.

For this reason the various social media platforms available to do this are continually changing as they compete to be the platform of choice. This means that business owners have a need to regularly revisit and amend their social media marketing strategy.

Likeable Social Media, Revised and Expanded: How to Delight Your Customers, Create an Irresistible Brand, and Be Amazing on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram, Pinterest, and More
by Dave Kerpen (@DaveKerpen)


Despite the fact that we are now in 2015 and social media has been available to small business for more than a decade, some businesses still fail to get what it is all about, and continue to blast clients with impersonal information.
Through his experience working as the CEO of a company which has helped thousands of companies get to grips with their digital marketing, Kerpen provides all the specifics and practical steps on how to interact with your customers, to become more likeable, and to build a trusted personal relationship.
Regardless of your ability to use social media to its full potential, in this book you will find all the information you need to ensure that your business is properly engaging with its customers.
Social Media Optimization For Dummies
by Ric Shreves (@ricoflan)

The variety of social media platforms available for marketing purposes can sometimes seem overwhelming, especially if you are relatively new to the concept.
If you are looking to drive more traffic to your website and increase your customer base, the book will teach you how to do exactly that. It will also advise you on how best to establish your brand through engaging with your clients using social media.
This book is targeted towards those who understand that social media is the way forward, but who need help to determine which of the various platforms is the most suitable for their purpose.


Work Smarter with Social Media: A Guide to Managing Evernote, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Your Email
by Alexandra Samuel (@awsamuel)

This has been written in an easy-to-read style, and is aimed at anyone already using, or wanting to use social media, but without it to take up all of their time.
The book focuses on the amount of data that we receive each day via social media, and the time we spend reading and responding to it.
Through the use of this book, you will learn about the available resources that enable you to filter out the most important content from the least important, and how to make a bigger impact from your own online presence in a far more productive way.

Color Your Message: The Art of Digital Marketing and Social Media
by Lisa Caprelli (@BusinessExpShow) and Brian Gaps
Whether you are a well-established business or just starting out, “Color Your Message” is packed with useful information to help you compete for today’s Internet focused customers.
The reality for many of these businesses is actually the fact that they have failed to keep up to date with the ever changing marketing methods.
The author aims to bring today’s business owners up to date with modern marketing methods, and explains that many businesses believe they are still suffering the effects of a slow economy.


YouthNation: Building Remarkable Brands in a Youth-Driven Culture
by Matt Britton (@MattyB)
If you are not yet aware that the marketing methods required for engaging the youth of today are very different from what they were twenty years ago, you will after reading this.
“Youth Nation” describes the mind-set of the 80 million American citizens born between 1982 and 1998, and what they expect from a brand.
These potential clients are currently aged between 18 and 34 and you need to understand them to get your branding and marketing right.

Social Media 247: Everything You Need to Know to Leverage Social Media for Business Success
by Andrew Chow (@IdeasAndrew)

Whatever the size of your business or organization, if you are looking to implement or refine your social media strategy, then this book is specifically aimed at you.
Customer loyalty and brand ambassadors are goals that need to be achieved to become a successful business.
Discussed within these pages are the steps that any business needs to know and understand when planning, implementing and reviewing the success and costs of their social media marketing strategies.


Ultimate Guide to LinkedIn for Business (Ultimate Series)
by Ted Prodromou (@tedprodromou)

Whether you are a novice or an expert in the use of LinkedIn, you are certain to learn something from Ted Prodromou who is an authority on the site.
This book contains something for everyone and will fill the beginner full of confidence and the more advanced user will undoubtedly learn new techniques to improve their business or personal profile.
As we are told so often, a great profile on LinkedIn is a must for any business or professional, and this book will guide you through the necessary steps to achieve such a profile.

The Definitive Guide to Social CRM: Maximizing Customer Relationships with Social Media to Gain Market Insights, Customers, and Profits
by Barton Goldenberg (@BGoldenbergISM)

This book is a must read for any business owner or entrepreneur wanting to become more in tune with customers through the use of social media.
Goldenberg gives out useable advice on the software available, the day-to-day management of your CRM, and how to understand the needs of your customers through listening and harvesting information from your social media platforms.
If you’ve ever wanted to know more about how to accurately gauge your customers and potential customers to give them more of what they want, you must give Goldenberg’s outlook a chance.
Success Secrets of the Online Marketing Superstars
by Mitch Meyerson (@MitchMeyerson)

Through a series of chapters from a variety of successful online marketers, Meyerson provides a host of strategies and tactics which will enable you to obtain new clients, and to better influence the ones you already have.
Whether your business is using online marketing on a regular basis or just getting started, it’s important for you to take the time to study these strategies as blueprints and inspiration.

Whether you are looking for information on developing your brand, increasing traffic to your website using SEO or pay-per-click, or just want guidance on how to gain leverage from the various platforms, the tips and mistakes to avoid are provided throughout the book.

Twitter Power 3.0: How to Dominate Your Market One Tweet at a Time
by Joel Comm (@joelcomm)

Described are the differences between Twitter and the other forms of social media, and the importance of Twitter when marketing your brand. Readers will also learn how to create a sound Twitter marketing strategy, and which metrics to use when measuring its success.
This is the third edition of this book which has again been updated to include the latest and best strategies to get the most out of Twitter for your business.
If you favor the use of Twitter in your business, or simply want to understand what it may be able to do for you, reading this book should be of great benefit.

This is obviously not meant to be a definitive guide to the best social media books published. There are so many published that it is impossible to review them all, and we each have our own preference as to which platform we feel is best suited to us and our business.
However, we hope that it will serve as a useful list of what we have found interesting, and which you may find useful to put on your reading list.

These 5 Tips for Learning English Quickly


Everyone learns English at their own speed, but as you navigate toward your future goals, we are here to help guide you to success as quickly as possible. Here are five secrets that can help you learn English a little bit faster:

Listen as much as you can

For quick tips to work listening into your preparation time, check out this video from the TOEFL? TV Channel.Listening to conversations in English is one of the most effective ways to build your vocabulary and speaking skills.

Practice English with a partner

Study partners can help each other understand different topics, talk through questions, and practice English skills. Find others in your area who are learning English.


Read children’s books and comic books in English

Reading illustrated children’s books and comic books in English helps to put words into context and make learning fun—especially when you’re just starting out. For a quick tip about reading watch this video.

Take advantage of free online media

To get started, check out these learn English podcasts or this free application to help you learn American English. There are a wide range of free podcasts and available applications online that can help you learn English quickly.

Believe in yourself

Confidence in yourself is one of your greatest assets toward achieving your goals. Take risks and don’t be afraid to make mistakes. Mistakes are simply opportunities to learn! Before you know it, you will be speaking English with total confidence.

The Job Interview Tips

Job applicants having interview

The interview is such a critical process. Most interviewers know the moment that you walk in where you stand in the candidacy pool. Staying on the shallow end and keeping your head above water is the best way to land the jobs.Making the greatest impact during the interview determines what happens next.

Dress for Success

From the moment that you walk through the door, your interviewer is sizing you up. If you’re this far into the door, you have hopefully done some research on the company that you’re working for. You already have an idea of their company culture and how you think you would fit into it. This includes the work place dress code. Dressing down can make you look like somebody who is far too relaxed and doesn’t take themselves or the job seriously. Being over dressed can been seen as a sign of over compensation. If you are genuinely unsure, then always dress sharply but don’t overdo it.

Dressing the part of the job has often gone to the wayside of many interviewees. In reality, this is the first impression that your interviewer will get of you and how you’re dressed can deeply reflect on you as a potential candidate.

Don’t Talk Too Much

You’ve established the repertoire with your interviewer but this is their show. There’s an old military saying that goes something like: Loose lips sink ships.

It’s easy to get into a habit of putting your cards all on the table in order to show your worth. In all honesty, this provides a shock to the interviewer and could be detrimental. The interviewer wants to maintain control of the situation and if you begin to dominate the conversation, you can easily find yourself on the “we’ll call you” list. Save the conversation for the right opportunities when they ask for questions.

Also, keep your conversation related to the interview. You will be asked about certain past experiences and while it may be admirable and a challenge for you to run that marathon in which you placed in the top 100 of your age bracket, your interviewer doesn’t really care.

Job applicants having interview

Job applicants having interview

Build Repertoire

This could possibly be the most critical part of the interview. Your potential employer has your resume in their hand. They can see what your technical attributes are. At this point, you’ve passed the qualifications on paper.

Ask questions back, even if you already know the answer. By being engaging, you will build a repertoire with your interviewer. This will weigh heavy in their interviewer’s mind and will likely have you moved up to the next level of consideration based on this alone.The purpose of the face-to-face interview is to establish your candidacy as an employee. This includes how you handle situations and how you’ll get along. Be calm and relaxed but don’t be aloof. You will be asked a ton of questions.

Create a Presentation

An interview is much like a marketing presentation. You are putting a pitch in for your candidacy for why you should be hired. Like any marketing presentation, having a gimmick not only provides a way to present who you are but it does it a manner that is memorable.

Keeping in mind your surroundings and company, providing a formal presentation of who you are and what you can offer the company is an excellent way to find yourself next in line for that position. Don’t go overboard but be creative with it. Include facts and figures and put a little bit of personality behind it.

Treat the interviewer like a customer or client while finding that balance where you are able to present effectively without being an annoyance. If the interviewer doesn’t allow it, then more than likely you were already out of the candidacy pool before you walked in the door.

Close the Deal

Finding a job can be difficult and the odds are far in favor of the competition. You’ve made it past the gauntlet of the human resources screening. The next phase is the interview. Most interviewers already have an idea where you place in the candidacy. By utilizing these tips, you will be presenting yourself as not only the best candidate but the only candidate worth talking to. Check out LiveCareer’s Interview Videos and Tips for more expert interview advice.

When interviewing, this is the greatest mistake that people make. During that handshake, be direct. Confidence goes a long way. If you think things went well, boldly ask your interviewer where you stand. If not, your answer will make it clear.After time has been spent through the interview you and your interviewer should know exactly where you stand. The interviewer surely already has their mind set by the final handshake of the interview whether you advance or not.

Do You Know How to Take Notes from a Textbook


Some teachers, however, expect you to learn from your textbook independently and will not necessarily cover the material from the book with direct instruction. It is therefore important that you effectively read, understand, and take notes from your textbook.

Notes are handy for your own reference and memorization. Ideally, information in your textbook will review and supplement what you are learning in a class.

Previewing Chapters

Know your assigned reading. Check any syllabus, calendar, or notes from class that direct you to read a section or sections from your textbook.[1] If you are a slower reader, you may need to give yourself additional time to read.[2] Ideally, you should give yourself at least 5 minutes per page of assigned textbook reading.

Read over chapter headings and subheadings.[3] These are often key concepts or vocabulary words that are defined within the chapter or in the glossary.
If there are not headings or subheadings in your textbook, read the first sentence of each paragraph.[4] Before you begin reading or taking notes, preview the chapter. Most textbooks are broken into more easily-digestible sections that are often topped with headings. Previewing the chapter and looking at the headings and subheadings from beginning to end can give you a sense of the length and trajectory of the chapter. You may also cue into keywords as you are reading if you have seen them in bolded subheadings later in the chapter.
Also look for any words that are presented in bold.[5]

Look over supplemental charts, graphs, or informational charts.[6][7] Many students ignore or skip over information in boxes or charts within the chapter. This is a bad plan, however; that information is often key to understanding or reviewing the chapter’s main concepts. Looking at the supplemental material (and reading the captions below pictures or charts) can help you focus on key information while you read.

Read “review questions” at the end of the chapter or section.[8] Review questions are given to ensure that students have taken away “big picture” or essential concepts from a selection of text. Reading these review questions ahead of time can help focus your attention to the most important aspects of a chapter.

Reading for Understanding

Avoid distractions. Reading actively without any background noise or diversions can make it easier to focus and retain the information you learn. [9] It is especially important to be free of distractions if you are learning new material or reading about complex ideas. Find an area that is quiet and comfortable, and settle in to read and learn.

Divide your assigned text into manageable sections. If you have to read a 30-page chapter, you should try to break that chapter up into smaller focus sections. The length of the sections may depend on your attention span. Some people recommend breaking reading into 10-page chunks,[10] but if you have difficulty focusing on and digesting large portions of text, you might want to limit your sections to 5-pages. The chapter itself may also be divided into more manageable sections.

Read actively. It can be easy to passively read something that you find complex or uninteresting. Passive reading occurs when your eyes are looking at each word, but you don’t retain any information or think about what you read. To read actively, try to think while you’re reading. This means that you should be trying to summarize ideas, connect ideas to other concepts that you’re familiar with, or ask questions to yourself or the text while you read.
To read actively, do not try to take notes or highlight anything the first time you read through a section of text; instead, just focus on reading to understand.[11]


You may need to use a dictionary or the textbook’s glossary or index to define unfamiliar words. #* When you get to the note-taking stage, write down new key words that are important to the chapter along with the page number where you found that term and definition. That way you can refer back to the textbook easily if you need to.
Use tools to aid your understanding. Be sure that you understand the text as you are reading it.
Summarize main points as you go. After reading through each section of text (whether it is a section you divided yourself or a division made by the textbook), think about the main points. Try to summarize the section and identify the one to three most important details of the section. [12]

Do not skim over supplemental material. Hopefully you looked at supplemental materials such as pictures, charts, and graphs when you previewed the chapter. If you did not, be sure that you read them as you progress through reading the section. Viewing these details in context will help you synthesize the information.
These types of supplements may be of particular benefit to students who tend to be visual learners. When trying to recall information, you may be able to conjure the way a graph or chart looked more easily than a piece of factual information


Taking Notes

Be selective but thorough. You should not write down every piece of information in the book. Nor should you write down one fact per page. Finding the right balance of writing enough but not too much can be a challenge, but it is the key to taking effective notes. Using the strategy of reading a paragraph and then summarizing it can help you target the right amount of information.
Depending on the subject and the level of the textbook, writing 1-2 sentences of summary per paragraph may be the right ratio of information to note-taking.

Paraphrase information from the text. You should write your notes in your own words.[13] Paraphrasing information usually shows that you genuinely understood what you read (it’s difficult to put something into your own words if you don’t know what it means). It will likely be more meaningful to you later when you are reviewing your notes if you have written them in your own words.

Use a format that works for you. Your notes may take on the form of a bulleted list of information. You might draw yourself a timeline of events so that you can see the order that things happened and not just a list of events. You may draw a kind of flow chart to emphasize a sequence. Or you might do a more traditional outline with big ideas at one level and then supporting ideas indented underneath. Ultimately, the notes are your study aid, so it’s best to write them in a way that makes sense to you.

Organize your notes in a meaningful way. Depending on the subject, you may want to organize your notes in a particular way. History notes may be most logically taken in chronological order (or even in the format of a timeline). Science notes, however, may need to be taken in a particular sequence that shows mastery of one concept before moving on to the next.
If in doubt about how to organize your notes, go with the textbook’s organization. If information is written in a certain order in the textbook, and there is usually a reason for it.


Add visual elements if it helps you. Visual learners are often helped by visual representations in their own notes. You might want to jot down a brief copy of a graph instead of writing information about it. You may want to draw a simple comic strip to show a specific event or interaction between people. Don’t let adding visual elements distract you from the task at hand—understanding and taking notes on the text—but add visuals if it will help you synthesize or remember the material more effectively.


Tying Textbook Notes to Classroom Learning

Pay attention to class lectures. Teachers will often specify which chapters or sections of a textbook will be most relevant for an upcoming test. Knowing this information before you read the textbook can save you time and energy, and allow you to focus on what’s most important to know.[14]
Write down whatever your instructor writes on the board. These pieces of information are most likely to be relevant for future discussions and upcoming assignments or tests.
Ask your instructor if he or she would allow you to use a personal recording device to record the lecture and listen to it at home. Anything that you missed while taking notes in class will be heard on the recording, and you can add that information to your notes after class.

Learn to write shorthand. It may be difficult to write notes as quickly as the instructor is speaking. Learning to write shorthand is a great way to ensure that the notes you take in class cover everything the instructor expects you to know. shorthand
Write down major names, places, dates, events, and concepts. If you cover these topics in your notes, it will likely be much easier to remember the specifics surrounding those people or places when you go back to the textbook.
Follow major topics with brief context clues. These can be a few words or even a short sentence, but having some type of brief notes will help you make sense of the names or dates you’ve written down during the lecture.

Review your notes from class. Now that you have notes from the in-class lecture, you’ll want to review those notes to begin learning the important topics covered in class.
Try to read over your notes shortly after class has ended. Reviewing your notes immediately after class is over will most likely help you retain that information for a longer period of time.

Combine class notes with textbook notes. If you have notes from class and from your textbook, combine and compare them. You should identify anything that was emphasized by both the textbook and your instructor; this is likely to be a very important concept.


Using Your Notes

Study your notes. Think of your notes as a study guide for your course exams. The act of writing might help you remember certain things, but you probably won’t remember everything in the textbook if you’re not studying the notes you’ve taken. Going back to review the notes can help you remember key concepts and specific terms, even months after you covered the information.

Share your notes. This can be a helpful strategy, as different students may focus or emphasize different concepts. Additionally, if you have a friend or classmate who missed class or didn’t understand a concept, you can share your notes to help her.If you work with other students in your class, you may want to exchange and share notes.

Make flash cards. If you have an impending exam, you can convert your notes into flashcards. These can make it easier to learn and memorize names, dates, and definitions.[15] Additionally, you can use these flashcards to collaborate and study with another student or in a study group, which improves test performance.[16]

The 10 New Leadership Books Guaranteed to Change the Way You Lead


This list of new leadership books is dedicated to exploring all the different facets of being a leader, from governing a board to having fun and even presenting your ideas to a broader audience.In this election year, leadership is a big conversation. What does it take to be a good leader? How is leadership changing in a world where we are both leaders and followers?

1.Leadership of Larger Organizations

The Directors Manual: A Framework for Board Governance
by Peter C. Browning and William L. Sparks
Readers will get an overview of Key Leadership Roles, Board Culture, Managing and Understanding Group Dynamics, Assessing Performance, Managing Disruptive Members and more. The book also contains an informative Appendix that both experienced and new board members will appreciate.
Is the right CEO running the company? Does the company have a succession plan? Does the company have the right strategy and how well is it being implemented? These are the top three issues company boards are tasked to manage. Even small businesses have boards of directors.
In “The Directors Manual: A Framework for Board Governance” by Peter C. Browning and William L. Sparks, the authors, who are experienced board members, have written this manual that contains specific best practices, guidance and questions designed to help board members improve the performance and efficiency of the companies they serve.

2.The Leadership Capital Index: Realizing the Market Value of Leadership
by Dave Ulrich

What is the “value” of leadership? Today we have indices, scores and ratings for everything. And now we have one for leadership; “ The Leadership Capital Index: Realizing the Market Value of Leadership“.
Developed by leadership scholar, author and consultant Dave Ulrich (@Dave_Ulrich), the Leadership Capital Index measures both the individual and the organizational proficiency of leadership. The Leadership Index gives investors the ability to assess how much a firm is worth based on the extent to which a leader can articulate a point of view about the future, behave consistently with customer expectations, create a customer-focused culture, ensure accountability and manage the flow of talent in the organization. The authors call this a minimally viable product and expect to see an evolution of Leadership Index 2.0 and 3.0 as research continues.

3.Leadership Skills and Strategies for the Future

Negotiating the Nonnegotiable: How to Resolve Your Most Emotionally Charged Conflicts
by Daniel Shapiro

Whether you’re conflict averse or a savvy negotiator, “Negotiating the Nonnegotiable: How to Resolve Your Most Emotionally Charged Conflicts” by Daniel Shapiro is a book you’ll want to read and review before your next negotiation or potentially charged conversation. Internationally renowned negotiation expert Daniel Shapiro has developed a new negotiation platform to help leaders, families and even nations resolve the most emotionally charged conflicts. This book centers on the idea of the Tribes Effect, a divisive mindset that keeps us from seeing potential resolutions.
While this book offers a process and a system to overcome conflicts, the focus is more on identifying and working through blind spots and mindsets as the road to reconciliation.


4.The Strategy Book: How to Think and Act Strategically to Deliver Outstanding Results
by Max Mckeown

Strategy is about getting from where you are to where you want to be. It sounds simple, yet so many small businesses struggle. “The Strategy Book: How to Think and Act Strategically to Deliver Outstanding Results” by Max Mckeown (@MaxMckeown) is a guide for small business owners who are committed to reaching their goals. This book will help you understand strategy and think strategically. It’s sophisticated enough to be used as a textbook for classes on strategy while being simple and straightforward enough to understand and implement in your small business.
“The Strategy Book” also includes a “toolkit” section that houses a collection of strategy tools that you can use in your analysis. You don’t have to read it in one sitting. You can read it from front to back or skip around.

5.The Attacker’s Advantage: Turning Uncertainty into Breakthrough Opportunities
by Ram Charan

Whenever there is a business survey, “uncertainty” comes up as a factor that impacts the confidence index. Uncertainty creates fear and indecision. But what if you could reduce the level of uncertainty that you feel about your industry and your business?
This is where “The Attacker’s Advantage: Turning Uncertainty into Breakthrough Opportunities” by Ram Charan becomes a useful book. The author reveals the sources of uncertainty and helps you define a path forward while learning to embrace and accept uncertainty and then manage your business from there.
Here are just a few concepts that are included in the book: How to see and anticipate uncertainty and how to structure your organization in a way that sets you up for success.

6.Leadership Skills On the Court

The Coaching Habit: Say Less, Ask More & Change the Way You Lead Forever
by Michael Bungay Stanier

Coaching employees is one of the most powerful yet often forgotten skills used by managers. It’s no wonder “people problems” rank third among small business issues; right after sales and marketing.
Ask the question. Listen for the answer. This book is an easy step-by-step guide for small business owners or managers who want to get the most out of their teams. Specifically, readers will learn how to get straight to the point in any conversation with The Kickstart Question, get to the heart of any interpersonal or external challenge with The Focus Question and The Foundation Question and ensure others find your coaching as beneficial as you do with The Learning Question.In “The Coaching Habit: Say Less, Ask More & Change the Way You Lead Forever“, Michael Bungay Stanier (@BoxOfCrayons) lays out a simple coaching process grounded in just seven questions. The process is simple.

7.The Productivity Project: Accomplishing More by Managing Your Time, Attention, and Energy
by Chris Bailey

“I’ve got too much to do and not enough time.” If you’re nodding your head right now, then “The Productivity Project: Accomplishing More by Managing Your Time, Attention, and Energy” is a book you might explore. Chris Bailey (@ALOProductivity) did something few of us would do; he turned down a lucrative job to run productivity experiments — on himself. He took a full year to interview experts and try out a variety of strategies such as cutting out sleep, caffeine and sugar, living in isolation for 10 days, only using his smartphone for an hour a day and many more fascinating strategies. Discover what he found out and how those lessons will help you get more done in less time.


8.Motivating Your Inner Leader

Discover Your True North
by Bill George

This edition of “Discover Your True North” is a re-release of the 2007 best seller and includes 48 new interviews with contemporary leaders, the individual case studies of CEOs and the best leaders of our time as well as helpful exercises to guide you on the journey toward your “True North”.In “Discover Your True North,” author and former Medtronic CEO Bill George (@Bill_George) shares his personal stories and his wisdom by describing how you can become the leader you want to be by simply understanding your “True North.” This is the fixed point that you focus on as everything else changes around you.
Originally, the book was based on first-person interviews with 125 leaders.

9.The Big Fish Experience: Create Memorable Presentations That Reel In Your Audience
by Kenny Nguyen , Gus Murillo, Robert Killeen, and Luke Jones

There is no such thing as being too good of a presenter. Yes, even expert speakers can seem “over-produced”. This is where “The Big Fish Experience: Create Memorable Presentations That Reel In Your Audience” by Kenny Nguyen (@BigFishKenny), Gus Murillo, Robert Killeen (@RJKileen) and Luke Jones (@Luke_T_Jones) becomes an invaluable tool for coaches, consultants, speakers and authors. Touching, moving and inspiring your audience to take action is a skill set you never stop developing. This book will show you how to do it quickly, easily and effectively. This is a book best consumed in full color. So definitely get it either in paperback or to be viewed on a full color screen.

10.Life is Good: The Book
by Bert Jacobs and John Jacobs

Anyone who has ever worn a “Life is Good” T-Shirt will enjoy “Life is Good: The Book” by Bert Jacobs and John Jacobs (@LifeIsGood). This is a warm-your-insides entrepreneurial story about two brothers and the clothing empire that started in a van and almost died until a single “highway conversation” about the “negativity of the news that led to one idea that led to one shirt that led to one brand.” If you’re looking for inspiration about how to turn your passion into a profitable business, you will find this book a fun and worthy read. Purchase it as a hardback because the texture, the print and the color are worthy of a coffee table book. Filled with musical play lists and colorful art, this is a book any entrepreneur would enjoy.

Leadership is Both Learned and Practiced
As with all skills, some people are blessed with a talent or gift for leadership. But that doesn’t mean they don’t learn and practice these skills. If you feel like you’re falling short, this list of new leadership books will give you the inspiration, guidance and motivation to keep at it. You don’t have to take on every single piece of advice, but you can take at least one lesson from each book and integrate it into who you are as a leader.
What leadership challenge have you been faced with? How did you approach the challenge and what were your results? I invite you to share your leadership wisdom here and even your favorite leadership book.